Library Science

  • Subject-Indexing

    Subject Indexing

    1. Introduction: All library work is a matter of storage and retrieval of information, and cataloguing and indexing are specially performed to achieve that. Subject cataloguing is intended to embrace only that activity which provides a verbal subject approach to materials added to library collections. Subject indexing is used in information retrieval especially to create index records to retrieve documents on a particular subject. Descriptive…

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  • Indexing language

    Juran Sarkhel (2017). (Professor of Library & Information Science, University of Kalyani, India) 1.1 Introduction: Indexing language (IL) is an artificial language made up of expressions connecting several kernel terms and adopted to the requirements of indexing. The function of an IL is to do whatever a natural language (NL) does and in addition organize the semantic content through a different expression providing a point…

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  • Cataloguing Versus Indexing

    Cataloguing Versus Indexing

    There has always been confusion about the distinction between ‘subject cataloguing’ and ‘subject indexing‘. Basically, cataloguing is the process of creating bibliographic description of a document as a whole entity, and subject cataloguing and classification assign subject labels which together descnbe the overall topic of the document. Indexing involves delving into a document for analysing its contents at a much deeper level to provide access…

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  • Indexing process and principles

    Indexing Process and Principles

    1.0 Introduction: An index is a guide to the items contained in or concepts derived from a collection. Item denotes any book, article, report, abstract review, etc. (textbook, part of a collection, passage in a book, an article in a journal, etc.). The word index has its origin in Latin and means: ‘to point out, to guide, to direct, to locate’. An index indicates or…

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  • Digitization and digital preservation

    Digitization and digital preservation

    What is Digitization? Witten and David (2003) defined digitization as the process of taking traditional library materials, that are in the form of books and papers and converting them to the electronic form, where they can be stored and manipulated by a computer. This basically involves changing analog data into a digital form, so that it is easier to access and also has a long…

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  • Library Materials

    Preservation and Conservation of Library Materials

    1.1 Introduction: The present world is fast changing from the industrial world to the information world. It requires speedy, accurate, ready and reliable information. A large amount of information is being generated every moment. The information has become a strategic raw material and a dominating factor in decision making and execution. Information is and will be a primordial need for each individual in this world.…

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  • Indexing Evaluations

    Indexing Evaluation

    An indexing system is a sub-system of an information retrieval system and hence, its performance is directly linked up with the overall performance of the entire information retrieval system. Evaluation of an indexing system essentially means measuring the performance of the system, success or failure, in terms of its retrieval efficiency (ease of approach, speed, and accuracy) to the users, and its internal operating efficiency,…

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  • Knowledge and Knowledge Management

    Knowledge and Knowledge Management

    Knowledge Management and Knowledge Management Systems: An Overview 1.1 Knowledge: The word knowledge is described as “justified true belief.” In a psychological context, whenever one thinks an idea is generated, which when conserved by human mind gives rise to knowledge. Ever since the man has become the thinker, knowledge has been growing (Husain, 2005). Knowledge is a part of a gamut of data, information, knowledge,…

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  • Automatic Indexing

    Automatic Indexing

    Automatic Indexing: In many literatures of Library and Information Science, the term ‘automatic indexing’ is interchangeably used with the term ‘computerised indexing’. A fully automatic indexing system would be one in which indexing is conducted by computers, an internally generated thesaurus is prepared, and search strategies are developed automatically from a natural language statement of information need. Salton provides the following definition of automatic indexing:…

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  • ICT Skills of Librarian

    ICT Skills for LIS Professionals

    The new generation academic librarians grow up with the electronic online environment, which is ubiquitous in their daily lives. The flexibility of younger academic librarians is more for technology-oriented services compared to their older colleagues, not interested in stereotyped librarianship, more interested in technology-enabled services (Emanuel, 2013). Playing with digital video or video games is more than traditional games, using and connected with friends through…

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