• Patent

    Patent: An overview

    1.0 Introduction: A patent is defined as a grant by the sovereign or state to an inventor or to the assignee giving exclusive rights to make use, exercise an invention for a limited period in exchange for disclosing it in a patent specification. Patents reveal solutions to technical problems and they represent an inexhaustible source of information. More than 80% of all technical knowledge is…

    Read More »
  • bibliometrics


    Bibliometrics The term bibliometrics is derived from “biblion” (Gr.): book and “metron” (Gr.): measure; and introduced by Pritchard in 1969. Pritchard’s article “Statistical Biography or Bibliometrics?” appeared in the December issue of the Journal of Documentation in 1969. He stated, “The term (Statistical bibliography) is clumsy, not very descriptive, and can be confused with statistics itself or bibliographies on statistics”. Bibliometrics is a set of…

    Read More »
  • Content Analysis

    Content Analysis in Research

    Content Analysis Content analysis is a method for summarizing any form of content by counting various aspects of the content. This enables a more objective evaluation than comparing content based on the impressions of a user. Content analysis is a research technique for making replicable and valid inferences from texts (or other meaningful matter) to the contexts of their use. Definitions: Berelson (1952) defined content…

    Read More »
  • Open Access

    Features of Open Access

    Open Access: According to the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI), Open Access is defined as “Free availability of journals on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles crawl them for indexing, transmit them and data of software, or technical obstacles other than those independent from acquiring access to the internet…

    Read More »
  • DOAJ


    DOAJ DOAJ is an acronym stands for ‘Directory of Open Access Journals’, It is a service that provides online access to quality controlled for Open Access Journals. It is a website that lists open access journals and is maintained by Infrastructure Services for Open Access. The project defines open access journals as scientific and scholarly journals that meet high-quality standards by exercising peer review or…

    Read More »
  • Citation

    Citation Analysis

    1.1 Introduction: Bibliometrics is a set of measurement techniques which usually used with the application of mathematical and statistical methods to books and other media of communication. Bibliometrics is not a single term it includes informetrics, scientometrics, webometrics altmetrics, and citation analysis, etc. It conventionally used by the librarians and professionals related to the subject of library and information science for studying the process of…

    Read More »
  • Research Collaboration Attributes

    Research Collaboration

    1. Collaboration Although human mind has some incredible ability to generate and execute new knowledge. But this fact should be realized that an individual cannot address all the challenges. Thus, we have to collaborate with others. Collaboration is very common in the process of knowledge diffusion. Thus, an individual gains specialization over complex subjects. Therefore, the collaboration has become necessary for every field of scientific…

    Read More »
  • The Concept of Citation

    Concept of Citation: Citation is a list in alphabetical order in an end section, which is regularly called “end-text citations” “references,” “reference list”, or “works cited”. A reference is derived from Middle English referren, from Middle French referer, from Latin referre, “to carry back” formed from a prefix re- and ferre, “to bear”. Referee, References and Referendum are some of the words derived from this…

    Read More »