Criteria of book classification

Some criteria are follows for classifying of books in library. Some of them are as:

  1. It should be as complete as possible, covering the whole field of knowledge as represented in books.
  2. It should be systematic, proceeding from the general to the particular.
  3. It should be formulated with due regard to the needs of books, aiming to provide a place for every type of book.
  4. The arrangement of the classes and subdivisions should be made with constant regard for the main purpose of book classification – the securing of an order convenient to the user.
  5. The terms used must be clear and comprehensive, accompanied where necessary by full definitions, referring to the scope of the headings and equipped with notes for the guidance of the classifier.
  6. It should be evenly apportioned and should be allow alternative locations for certain subjects or classes.
  7. It should be expansive, both in plan and in notation.
  8. It should be printed in a form easy to handle and consult, to assist the user to grasp the hierarchy.
  9. It should be revised frequently.
  10. It should be equipped with:
    • Generalia and Form classes.
    • Form and geographical divisions.
    • An effective notation. The notation should fit the scheme (not the scheme the notation) and may include mnemonic devices.
    • An alphabetical index.

It has been claimed that modern bibliographical work demands a standard classification which:

  1. Bring together closly related classes.
  2. Is sufficient subdivided to index everything we write about or study.
  3. Is capable of further extension and subdivision as our knowledge grows.
  4. Is recognized widely, in order that users may find their way about it easily.
  5. His extensive indexes of the names of its classes in alphabetical order in different languages.
  6. Is not subject to frequent reconstruction.
  7. Has the simplest notation, for ease of inserting and finding the classified entries.


Declaration: Articles shared in this blog are collected from different sources available on the internet to help students of Library and Information Science. Sources are mentioned in the reference section of the article. If you have any objections about the content of this blog, feel free to contact the site admin at

One Comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *