Factors and Processes of Library and Information Resource Development:
The main function of librarianship is the development of library resources. The primary purpose of the librarian is to start, build up, develop and organize a collection of library and information resources. These meet the needs, interests and demands of the libraries clientele. The purpose of resource development is to provide the right materials to the right readers at the right time.
Some factors and processes have to consider in information resource development of a library. Such as:
- Survey of the library’s own resource: The primary element in developing any collection is a preliminary survey of the resources, which the library already possesses. The book selector must discover what basic books and other materials are already in the library. For this the collection is to be checked against the bibliographies of good standard histories of the particular subject considered.
- Updating the collection: The existing collection of the library should be updated. In updating the collection, the selection of current resources should be accompanied by weeding or discarding unwanted resources, duplicating of titles as well as of replacement of lost or worn-out materials.
- Variety of Materials: According to the clientele choice most convenient terms possible. The traditional resource should be supplemented/ added by selection of government documents, technical and scientific reports and pamphlets etc.
- Gifts: In developing the collection gifts should be accepted only in case they add strength to the library collection and do not carry unreasonable restriction. A policy should be developed for accepting gifts. The policy should clearly define what kinds of gifts are desirable for the library concerned and why such gifts should be integrated with the regular collection and where the gifts are housed separately.
- Comprehensiveness of Collection: No library can hope to maintain comprehensiveness, that is, the most extensive and intensive collection, in all fields. But comprehensiveness within certain fields or subjects is practicable.
- Subject Coverage: Subject coverage will depend upon the size and the social and economic background of the population served by the authority. It means to select preferable element from a number of titles published in a subject, when the library ought to cover.
- Balanced Collection: A balanced collection of a library is not a matter merely of a wide of subject matter but also all topics without any biases and emotional matter of librarien. He should be able through advice and guidance to establish his own particular balance.
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