According to the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI), Open Access is defined as “Free availability of journals on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles crawl them for indexing, transmit them and data of software, or technical obstacles other than those independent from acquiring access to the internet itself. The author can control the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited. The scholarly literature is freely accessible online which scholars give to the world without any expectation of subscription.
Features of Open Access:
- Open Access literature is digital, free of cost and free from copyright.
- Open Access is appropriate with copyright, peer review, revenue, print, preservation, prestige career advancement, indexing and supportive service accompanied by conventional scholarly literature.
- Open access campaign concentrates on the literature that authors give to the world without expectation of any penny.
- Open access literature is not free of cost to produce for publishing.
- Open Access is appropriate with peer review and all the major open access initiative of scientific and scholarly literature insists on its importance.
- There are two basic vehicles for delivering open access to research literature viz.
➢ Open Access Journals
➢Open Access Archives
Open Access Journals:
As the term, open access journals suggest, open access journals are the journals which offer research articles at free of cost on the internet. Publication pattern of Open Access journals is as same as any other journal publishing like traditional publishing. It contains peer reviewing of submitted articles from authors and publishers. Published content is freely accessible over the Internet and the users have the right to download, use and further distribute it with proper distribution. The business model is however different here. In the traditional publishing model, it is the “end — user” that pays to access the paper. Open access journals costly to produce and distribute, especially since they are peer-reviewed and edited like conventional journals. Various funding policies are in use like direct authors fees, institutional memberships to sponsor all or part of author fees, funding agency payment of author fees, grant to open access publishers and institutional subsidies.
Definition of Open Access Journals:
“Open Access Journals” can be defined as a journal that a funding model does not charge user or their institution for access.
Open access journals are scholarly journals that are available online to the reader without financial, legal or technical barriers other than those independent from gaining access to the internet itself”.
DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals) is one of the examples of Open Access Journals.
Original Reference Article:
- A Study of Citation Analysis of Psychology Journal Available in Directory of Open Access Journals.