Information & Communication Technology (ICT) in Education
Technological resources that are available for teaching and learning include computer hardware and software in addition to CD-ROM and electronic communication media. The rapidly changing the nature of computer technology continues to a wide range of resources available for any subject-specific learning. Technology has an important role in every aspect of modern life. The technological device finds its usage every day. The use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) has become universal. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is connected with various fields like business, transport, schools, etc. It uses Blogs, social websites, web pages and so on. It supported that majority of present day’s formal learning is delivered using one or more of the following methods; a) the classroom model of learning, b) technology-based learning and c) blended learning (Richardson, 2002).
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) increase motivation, achievement and students’ learning opportunity. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) can also assist the students in acquiring essential occupational skills. The use of computers in the learning environment has been growing and its applications are indispensable to computers in education today and into the future. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is changing the face of the contemporary World. Liberalization, Privatisation, Globalization are closely related to the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and its strategy of a nation is very crucial to put it on a global map. Introducing Information and Communication Technologies into a rural area though got disrupted at times, happened smoothly at every site.
Though India is all set to widely utilize the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) related services, there are a few crucial aspects to be improved;
- The requirement of paying the attention to e-security in India that covers the cyber forensics, computer, and cybersecurity, etc.
- The cyber law in India also imposes certain restrictions and their violations could take the form of offenses and the contraventions.
- The establishment of a digital evidencing base is the absolute requirement in India. The same is missing for the time being.
- There is also a need for judicial reforms in India keeping in mind the requirements of information and communication technology.
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) based educational communication has enormous advantages in the education sector. Most importantly, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) eradicates the barriers of time and place in the learning situation. The selection of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in education is due to its user-friendliness, speed, accuracy, high reliability, high storage capacity, integrity, consistency, logicality, versatility, low failure rate, durability, and the probability; above all, it has the special characteristic of interactivity which gives the control to the students.
Hence, with Information and Communication Technology (ICT) based educational communication, the student decides when, where and how much content of the subject to receive on par with the availability of time. The learners take their own time for learning concepts depending upon their ability with information and communication technology (ICT) based technology. In short, it encourages student autonomy. This Grey Revolution is matched with real-life teaching-learning situations in the field of education. The entire educational activity becomes learner-centric and learning-centric.
According to Delor’s Commission Report (1996), To be in tune with the paradigm shift that world of education has witnessed, any teacher at any level of education must adapt his/her relationship with the learners, switching roles from the ‘soloist’ to ‘accompanist’ and shifting the emphasis from dispensing information to helping the learners seek, organize and manage knowledge, guiding them rather than the molding item”.
At present, the modern teachers are entrusted with two crucial roles: one that of use of the overabundance of materials and services available on the net for effective teaching and that of a developer of e-content, Blog and e-resources for the learning of the student community of present and the future.
Today the teachers have to aware of services like search engines, e-mail, chat, e-libraries, and digital libraries, e-journals, e-books, e-dictionaries, and digital dictionaries, e-forum, an e-learning portal, maintaining social websites like Facebook, Twitter, Blog, downloadable software, online storage, etc.
If a teacher needs to evolve into an e-content developer, the teacher could make use of authoring tools, integrating tools, dissemination tools, and on-line storage and preservation tools of the infinitive services available on the internet.
Teachers and students could use the following educational tools for the effective teaching-learning process.
a. Blogging: Blogs are a set of chronologically represented news entries and can be used to publish the personal opinions, diary-like articles or news stories relating to a particular interest or product. The authors or the people who publish the articles in Blog sites are called as Bloggers. Adding the article in the Blog is called Blogging.
b. Podcasting: “Podcasting” word was coined by 2004, it consists of two words: “iPod” and “broadcasting”. It is the method of distributing multimedia files, such as audio programs or music videos, over the Internet, for playback on mobile devices and personal computers. The term podcast means both the content and the method of delivery. The host or author of a podcast is often called a podcaster. Pod casters’ web sites may also offer direct download or streaming of their files.
c. Applets: An applet is the program written in the Java Programming language that can be included in an HTML page, much in the same way an image is included in the page. Though the internet offers many useful options and easy to use the technologies in the form of services and the software, what is required today is a change in the mindset of teaching community to embrace these new technologies and make the best of it not only for the larger benefit of the learning community but also for the professional and the personal enrichment. “It is true that the technology cannot replace a teacher, but it is also true that a teacher who does not use the technology will be replaced by the website”.
This Article Collect From:
- Vimalkumar, P. (2010). Effectiveness of blog based learning in Physics at Higher secondary level.