Collection development covers selection, acquisition, processing, evaluation and weeding out of reading materials. Collection development is understood as an important concept for extension in higher education and research activities in University libraries. Nowadays the collection management is a more demanding concept which goes beyond a policy of acquiring materials to policies on housing, storage, preservation, weeding and discard of stock. The collection management mainly gives importance to systematic management and maintenance of existing collection of libraries rather than selection and acquisition of reading materials.
- Impact of CD-ROM:
CD-ROM is the standard storage device which is widely being accepted nowadays. The CD-ROM has the storage capacity of approx 650 M.B. The real life of the CD-ROM is yet to be proved but it is estimated at about 100 years. The CD-ROM can be used until its damage or scratched. The most important part of CD-ROM is that it is less expensive. The databases of all the subjects are available in the CD-ROM. As the multimedia databases are becoming popular the CD-ROM are also widely accepted by the beginners in any subject. This development is accepted by almost every librarian. It has decreased the cost of acquiring periodicals as it is not being printed nowadays and they are mostly available on CDs. The important advantage of CDs is that it requires the least space and can be searched effectively by any Boolean expression.
- Impact of the Internet:
The advent of the internet has revolutionized the library environment of the modem age. It is known as the network of networks. Now we can search and use the library resources very easily and very quickly. The users are being attended round the clock with the help of web-based library services in almost all the countries. The library resources can be accessed by almost all the users as various library sites and topics can be accessed at the click of a mouse. Now all the libraries have become web-based and accessible through library web pages. A student of the any University of India can access the web materials of any library of the world through the internet connection. The information on the internet can be in the form of books, journals, reports, sound recording, video films and wide varieties of other sources.
As the materials on the internet can be uploaded by anyone, we have to be conscious in selecting the proper library resources, so that we may not misguided.
- Impact of Digital Libraries:
Digital library is an extremely new concept of carrying out the function of libraries by using new types of electronic resources, new approaches to acquisition and new technique of storage and preservation and new approaches to classification and cataloguing especially of electronic data, by extensive use of electronic system and dramatic shifts in intellectual, organisational and electronic practices. It is also known as distributed text-based computerized information system and service. The digital libraries have the provisions for access documents which are highly valued mostly from other organizations.
In the digital library system, the software is produced locally and the required information is obtained by remote login or accesses. In digital libraries, the information is less permanent in nature. It becomes difficult for a librarian to decide:
• What resources should be accessed and stored by the organization
• who should be involved in acquiring the resources
• The required standard to be followed.
Different types of data or information are stored in digital libraries and for its organization, the librarian requires cataloguing practice which requires appropriate data modeling for the organization of data in the standard font. A special technique is needed for organization or compressing of data which is the major challenge in the digital library environment.
The philosophy of collection development needs to be modified in the information technology-based environment and for this, it requires policies which control the acquisition of both traditional and electronic forms of documents.
Original Research Article:
- Kumar, P. A. (2017). Impact of information technology on the collection development in university libraries of Assam: a study.