Leadership: More complex adjustment problems in the society, multiplied tendencies of indulging in conflicts, vanishing social concern, pseudo-patriotism, irresponsibility at work and much other uncanny behaviour can float up, projecting negative personality when good leadership values are not taught. Through various school programmes that include study, games and activities, the subtle task of infusing leadership..." />
More complex adjustment problems in the society, multiplied tendencies of indulging in conflicts, vanishing social concern, pseudo-patriotism, irresponsibility at work and much other uncanny behaviour can float up, projecting negative personality when good leadership values are not taught. Through various school programmes that include study, games and activities, the subtle task of infusing leadership qualities can be effectively practised.
Leadership is a process by which one person influences the thoughts, attitudes, and behaviours of others. Leaders set a direction for the rest: they help to see what lies ahead. They help to visualize what one might achieve; they encourage and inspire. Without leadership a group of human beings quickly degenerates into argument and conflict, because one can see things in different ways and lean toward different solutions. Leadership helps to point in the same direction and harness the efforts jointly. Leadership is the ability to get other people to do something significant that they might not otherwise do. It’s energizing people toward a goal.
The word ‘leader’ comes from old English leden’ which means ’cause to go with one’. It was first appeared in around 1125. It appeared in English in about 1300 as `ledere’, which was formed from Middle English leden’ with the meaning ‘to lead’. The meaning ‘person in front’ is first recorded in 1570.
Leadership can be defined as the ability to inspire other people to accomplish things. Webster’s new word dictionary of the English language defines the word `leadership’ as ‘the position or guidance of a leader, the ability to lead’, which doesn’t help much in understanding the concept. It may be understood that a leader is the one who uses inborn and developed abilities to convert vision into reality through not only own effort, but also those of other people. A leader should be able to assess where the people are and then proceed with the step-by-step movement of the people towards the fulfillment of the vision in the best interest of the people. Leadership may also be referred to as the use of influence (non-coercive) to motivate the behaviour of groups of people to achieve their chosen goals.
There is no common definition of a concept like leadership, perhaps the best definition of leadership can be framed by the reader himself based on his/her own understanding, maturity and experience. Ultimately, it is the ability of a person to influence a group of people towards the achievement of goals, which are in the interest of public good and organizational interest.
Leadership is all about the ability to influence the behaviour of others to get the willing cooperation of the members of groups, organizations etc. to achieve the goals as per the vision of the leader and need of the followers. It involves inter-relationship between the leader and the followers by which they develop mutual trust and rapport to understand their goals and methodology of achieving them. Since a leader ‘sells hope’ to the followers, a leader has to be a person of great passion, empathy and integrity who keeps the overall interest of the organization and followers before his/her personal interest. Since every situation is dynamic, the behaviour pattern of the leader and follower keeps changing and the goals have also to be modified according to the changes in social, political, educational and technological changes that take place. Leaders have to shift their style of leadership depending on the situation as it keeps changing.
Leadership at any level largely depends on the inherited personal qualities that enable the person to lead a group. A set of specialized personal behaviours desirable influences the life of the people fulfills their aspirations and elevates the person to presume the role of a leader. A leader should have all those behaviours that can influence the behaviours of others intensifying their impulses to love and respect their leader. The leadership qualities possessed should be a strong stimulant, which can stimulate others to work in the same direction as intended by the leader. According to Krech and Cruthfied – ‘A leader must partake the same degree of functions of executive, planner, policy maker, expert, extraordinary group representative, controller of internal relationship, purveyor of reward and punishment, arbitrator, a mediator, and exemplar’.
A leader’s true caliber is thus measured by the consideration and tolerance they have for others. Though every child can’t climb the steps of leadership, at least those with characteristics of leadership should be guided to become good leaders. Teachers should clearly have a wider understanding of those traits that function as qualities of a good leader. The well-established qualities of a leader or the distinguishing characteristics of leadership are: A leader should:
By trying to acquire these specialised personal qualities, one can really look forward to leading the people in the desired direction. One can sow the seeds of courtesy, provide protection and help at the time of difficulties, manure the power of dependence and gather the consideration as a true leader. If students try to uphold these qualities and imbibe them to their life, then they can stand up to be extraordinary representatives.
Social thinkers through their careful study have been able to identify leaders based on different factors mainly based on their controlling qualities. A brief knowledge of these types helps the teachers to know about the origin and development of certain traits that contribute to different forms of leaderships.
`Trait’ refers to ‘a feature that gives uniqueness’. It can be used to describe a person’s physical features, mental features, or personality features. A trait is an adjective that describes a characteristic or distinguishing feature or flaw in a person or thing. People and things can have different traits about them. Some of the leadership traits are as follows:
Educational leadership is most often associated with the role of the school administration team, however, leadership roles can be enacted by all stakeholders within the school community, including the student population (Levin, 1998; Wallin, 2003). Student leadership enhancement involves giving students opportunities to practise a range of leadership skills in a supportive, learning and social environment where ‘successes’ and ‘errors’ are processed and reviewed (Bisland, 2004). Leadership is a behaviour that involves working with others and on tasks. This is based on the perspective that a leader is a person who is able to communicate well, engage in critical thinking, lead groups in problem-solving and planning, and able to structure goals and objectives for the group (Feldhausen & Pleiss, 1994). To some extent, many students will have the experience of having a leadership role in their daily lives through interactions with families, peers, and community organizations.
Positive student leadership opportunities and experiences at school facilitate young adults’ transition into the community and into the world of work and adult responsibility. This is because leadership is considered to be a part of life long learning and a multidimensional construct involving skills, attitudes, knowledge, experiences, and processes (Anderson & Krathwohl, 2001; Drago-Severson, 2004). Similar to self-concept formation, an individual’s leadership formation can be inferred and developed with feedback form significant others and from self – reviews (Hay, 2000). Leadership is both an outcome of an action on behaviour, but the major influence on leadership is from personal experiences and self-evaluations. Both of these are used by individuals to achieve new levels of personal leadership (Boccia & Ackerman, 1997; Feldhausen & Pleiss, 1994).
Teachers have various levels of school leadership qualities. Some are learned and some are part of their personality. Great teachers possess a combination of leadership qualities that are respected by the students, parents, peers and the community. They can accomplish important tasks because of this connection they have with their profession and the people they touch through it.
When one talks about a person’s commitment to teaching, they are speaking of a deep connection with many people throughout the organization. They are dedicated to providing each student with the best possible environment and tools for learning. They work with the parents to understand what challenges the students may have to learn and what approaches might work best with them individually. They engage their coworkers for input on how to structure their lesson plans and teaching style to be the best educator. They will also be involved with the institution to create the highest quality educational opportunities for the students attending. A few areas in which a teacher can get involved include:committees to determine the optimum amount of time students should spend in different subjects ❖ student teacher mentoring programs to orient and coach new teachers ❖ projects to review and recommend new approaches to homework I.3.m. Passionate about Teaching and Learning As a leader, teachers are always
Passionate about Teaching and Learning:
As a leader, teachers are always practising their art and learning how to improve their techniques. They listen in class for opportunities to teach. One student’s question can drive an entire lesson plan from which all students will benefit. Teachers are not looking for short answers. They look for explanations that present several concepts and perspectives to the students. These teachers watch their peers and learn from their teaching styles. They ask to be observed and for feedback on how to reach the students in their classroom. They are open to suggestions and to trying new things. They know how to quickly adjust their style. They will be involved in activities that improve teaching within the organization:
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