EnglishGeneralLibrary Science

Library collection development policy

Collection development includes everything that goes into acquiring materials including selection, ordering and payment. It is a chain of events that includes planning, administration and control. Collection development serves as a function upon which other library services are built. It is a process of assessing the strengths and weakness in a collection and then collecting a plan to correct the weakness and maintain the strengths. Every library collects the library materials based on the collection development policy.
Definition of Library collection development policy:

A collection development policy is a written statement of selection principles and criteria, with guidelines on the depth of subject coverage, and details such as language, geography, and time period.

G. Edward Evans “A collection development policy is the written statement to the plan, providing details for the guidance of the library staff. Thus a policy statement is a document representing a plan for action and information that is used to guide the staff’s thinking and decision making; specially, the policy is consulted when considering in which subject areas to acquire material and deciding how much emphasis each area should receive.”

Richard K. Gardner ” A collection development policy is a written statement that is both planning tool ans a communication device. It should serve as a day-to-day working tool that provides that necessary guidelines for carrying out the majority of tasks within the area of collection building.”

From this above discussion it may say that , Library collection development policy is a written statement and the vehicle through which the library collects the library materials and achieves the goal of its reader’s services.
Importance of Collection development Policy for Library:
A collection development policy has necessity for a number of good reasons:
  1. A collection development policy forces the library staff and the governing body to think through the goals of the library.
  2. It helps to assure that the library will seriously commit itself to serving all parts of the community.
  3. It informs users, administrators, governing bodies and other libraries in the area of the scope and nature of the collection.
  4. It helps to minimize personal bias on the part to the individual selectors.
  5. It serves as a good in-service training tool for new staff members.


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