According the Rangnathan, ‘Book, reader, and information’ are the basic elements of a library. Based on Ranganathan’s laws, several researchers have presented different principles and laws. For instance, “Five new laws of librarianship” by Michael Gorman (1995); “Principles of distance education” by Sanjaya Mishra (1998); “Five laws of the software library” by Mentor Cana (2003); “Five laws of children’s librarianship” by Virginia A. Walter (2004); “Five laws of web connectivity” by Lennart Bjorneborn (2004); and “Five laws of diversity/affirmative action” by Tracie D. Hall (2004).
Dr. Ranganathan’s had recognized the sound of the use of science and technology library in the world, That he was contributed in fifth rule “The Library is a growing organism”. Now today’s new information technologies easily adopted the Ranganathan’s laws appropriately through internet. Gorman has given the most famous adaptation reinterpretation of Ranganathan’s five laws of librarianship, in the context of today’s library and its likely future. It is an attempt to make them relevant to librarians in the internet age. Michael Gorman has given us his five new laws:
- Libraries serve humanity.
- Respect all forms by which knowledge is communicated.
- Use technology intelligently to enhance service.
- Protect free access to knowledge; and
- Honor the past and create the future (Crawford & Gorman, 1995).
Use of the computer technology is a mean to save manpower and time. While computer technology contribute to meaningfully to spread knowledge and information and provides facilities as administration, cataloguing, acquisition, lists, circulation, serials control, OPAC etc., Due to the development of better management and information retrieval, increased operational efficiency, quality, speed and services are improved. Available resources in the library, develop information storage and retrieval system, time and manpower savings with quality services, human resources, Have played an important role in the development of library network, resource sharing system, library cooperation and coordination. Many libraries are ready to provide facilities access to information easier to find and save time as well as user of remote area have the opportunity to take advantage of library services. Information stored in library computers is not only books, but also include employees and users personal information, financial information, agreement of vendors etc.
- Farid, B. (2012). Developing security measures and risk management policies for libraries to face challenges and prevent cyber threats.