What is Open Source Software:
The utilization of the computer and World Wide Web technology has given rise to many innovations in the world community including education. Open source software is one of these innovations. The business community have used the advantages of open source software to benefit their institutions. The educational communities are beginning to see the benefits of adopting open source software.
The term “open source” refers to software that is free and that includes the original source code used to create it is that users can modify it to make it work better for them. In open source software the codes to modify and adapt the software are available to all users. this is one of the concerns of property software developers. Property software developers are able to charge for any changes or modifications and distribution of the software.
Open source code if free to be modified and distribute with others.
Advantages of Open Source Software in Library:
Some of the common advantages of Open Source Software are:
- A user with some programing knowledge can modify and enhance the software to fulfill users demand.
- No restriction on use this software. There are no contractual restrictions on how the software is used.
- There is no charge for the software itself. The major cost is local development. If the number of users is large, and they share their efforts, each user’s cost is reduced.
- Unanticipated efforts:A library may find that it needs to do a great deal more work than anticipated to adapt the software to local needs.
- Lack of coordination to the development of the software.
- Inadequate technical support to solve any software problem.
- Full feature customization felicity.
Some common open source integrated library software:
- Koha Library Software.
- GNUTeca, etc.
Open Source Integrated Library Software selection criteria:
- A. Atleast the cataloguing, circulation, patron access catalogue modules, acquisitions and serial control should be available. It should be Integrated library system.
- B. MARC 21 supported.
- Current source code and documentation are available for downloading under the General Public License.
- Currently used by another library.
- User friendly interface.