Library Science

Organization of the Library Collection

The collection should be orchestrated for superlative repossession of information and materials. Cataloging and classification will mirror nationally rectified matter of forms in sync with other academic libraries. Cataloging and classification have been synthesized owing to the fact that these are twin processes that make certain systematic design of the materials in a library. Conventionally classification guarantees the helpful marshalling of books and documents on the shelves of the library and cataloging, as Charles Ami Cutter” has put it in the following manner:

1. To enable a person to find a book of which either:

a. The author or

b. The title or

c. The subject is known

2. To show what the library has

a. By a given author

b. On a given subject

c. In a given kind of literature

3. To assist in the choice of a book

a. As to its edition (bibliographically)

b. As to its character (literary or topical)

The conventional schemes of classification have been unreliable, known as “logical absurdly” as advocated by Trevons and the same has been consented by Shera on the basis that classifications schemes intend to limit the multi dimensional knowledge to a unidimensional order, thereby introducing the linear arrangement on the shelves of the library. This, per se, impairs the usage of classification as an efficient way for arrangement of documents in a library. Thus, we have to rely on the library catalogue which has better edge on classification, as we can embrace multiple entry system for a single document and fulfill different and multi dimensional modes of the user.

Materials should be cataloged and classified into planned fashion to make them ready as soon as possible after receipt. Materials to be cataloged envelop print, non-print and electronic resources and remote-data bases to which the library subscribes. In the modern era, through out the globe, we have the following general schemes of classification.

1. Melvil Dewey’s Decimal Classification

2. Charles Ami Cutter’s Expansive Classification

3. Library of Congress Classification

4. J. D. Brown’s Subject Classification

5. Universal Decimal Classification

6. S. R. Ranganathan’s Colon Classification

7. Henery Evelyn Bliss’s Bibliographic Classification.


In the parallel tone to the cataloging, there are numerous cataloguing codes available.

1. AACR (Anglo American Cataloging Rule)

2. Ranganathan’s Classified Catalogue Code

Reference Article:

  • Khan, A. M. (2009). Collection development, organization and services of central universities libraries in U P.
  • Cutter, Charles Ami (1904),Rules of a Dictionary Catalogue,4th ed., GPO,Washington, p. 12.
  • Trevens, W. Stanley (1887),The Principles of Science, Macmillan, London, p. 1
  • Shera, Jessee H (1966),Libraries and OrganizationofKnowledge,Crosby, London, p.99

Md. Ashikuzzaman

Work at North South University Library, Bangladesh.

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