• Community Information Services

    Community Information Service. Though the origin of community information service can be traced back to the end of the 19th century, it became more significant during the crisis of second world war, when men returning from the war to their communities needed advice on their rehabilitation. However, the present phenomenal growth in community information services stems only from the late sixties (Bunch, 1982). Since librarians…

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  • Scientometric Research: An overview

    The Definition of Scientometrics: Nalimov and Mulchenko (1969) coined the Russian term is equivalent (`naukometriya’) of the term `scientometrics’. As the name implies, this term is mainly used for the study of all aspects of the literature of science and technology. The term had gained wide recognition by the foundation in 1978 of the journal `Scientometrics’ by Tibor Braun in Hungary. According to its subtitle,…

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  • Information and Information Literacy

    One of the truths about modern society is that “information is everywhere.” Information is a pervasive and essential part of our society and our lives. Humans are, at their essence, processors and users of information. This is not a recent development. Humans have always been dependent upon information to help them make decisions and guide their actions. Increase in the sheer volume of information and…

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  • Public Library

    The Public Library is a social institution based on the definition of democracy. It is for the people by the people and of the people. In the words of William Ewart, Public Library is founded by the people, and is established by law and maintained at public expenses out of local rates and sometimes by State taxes. It has been rightly described by Carlyle as…

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  • Government Publications

    Introduction: According to the United States Code (44 U.S.C. 1901), a government publication may be described to be as “… details that are printed as a unique record for which money is spent by the Government, or as needed legally.” In India, thanks to the presence of the central ministries including the parliament and divisions at both state and domestic levels, the government collectively produces…

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  • Institutional Repository Software

    Institutional Repository Software: The chief aim to have an organizational repository is to offer open access to organizational analysis result by self-archival and storage and conserve other organizational digital assets, which include the un-printed or otherwise easily misplaced (grey) literature (for instance dissertations). To some extent IRs are related to the concept of a digital library i.e., gathering, maintaining, segregating, compiling, conserving and offering retrieval…

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  • Z39.50 or ISO 23950 Standards

    A national and international (ISO 23950) standard defining a protocol for computer-to-computer information retrieval is Z39.50. Z39.50 makes it possible enables a user in one system to hunt and retrieve details from other computer systems (that have also executed Z39.50) without being aware of the search syntax that is employed by other systems. Z39.50 was initially sanctioned in 1988 by the National Information Standards Organization…

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  • Unicode

    Unicode is a standard that aims to maintain a universal consistency in representing the characters as integers, and thus provides the basis for processing, storing and interchanging the text data in any language. The standard has been well accepted by a majority of the modern software and information technology protocols, since it has been able to cover the needs of almost all users by including…

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  • Institutional Repository and Library

    Introduction: An IR refers to a group of services and technologies that offer the mediums to gather, handle, access, spread, and archive digital materials generated in an organization. Institutional Repository collects, organize, preserve and disseminate data of any organization or member organizations. While majority of the organizational repositories are located in colleges and universities, few may also be present in the governmental bureaus, museums, firms…

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  • Library Services through Mobile Technology

    Introduction: In the information age, Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) has been the catalyst in driving enormous change and development in academic institutions. Libraries being the sanctum sanctorum of any institution of higher learning, have always grabbed the opportunity to provide unparalleled initiative and support to the growth of academic institutions. If the invention of Gutenberg’s moveable printing press brought changes to the library by…

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