• Approaches of Information

    It may be to understand what Information is, but no universally accepted definition of Information has yet crystallized, perhaps it will never be crystallized. In view of this the expert advice is that study should be made on the Information related phenomenon rather than Information itself. Accordingly, Wersig and Neveling” give the following six approaches to information. 1. The structural approach: In this approach: In this approach Information is viewed as structures of the world…

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  • English

    Concept of Mobile Libraries

    Mobile Library Mobile libraries are collections of books arranged in vehicles and so staffed as to provide a library service capable of being directed to communities which are often though not exclusively, rural. They are used by some municipal and many country library systems in the UK. In many areas abroad they are making notable contribution to the development of library services particularly in large parts of Asia, Africa and Middle East. There is a…

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  • Annotation

    What is Meaning of Annotation for Library science A note appended to the entry for a book in a catalogue, reading list, bibliography, etc., extending the formal description of the book, detailing its subject, scope, purpose and special features. Originally the term, as used by cataloguers, embraced all notes of any kind following the collation. Modern practice separates bibliographical notes as the fifth pan of a main entry, the annotation proper forming the sixth and…

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  • Heading : Subject Heading

    What is Heading? The word, words or phrase at the beginning of a catalogue entry, by which the place of that entry in the catalogue is determined. The heading forms the first of the five parts of a standard catalogue entry and is chosen by the cataloguer to indicate some special aspects of the work catalogued (authorship, series, title, subject, literary form, etc.) or to place an entry at a point in the catalogue where…

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  • Geographical Filing Method

    Geographical Filing in Library Science The arrangement of material or of entries in a list, catalogue, bibliography, etc. according to place. The term includes both alphabetical arrangement by place-names, and filing by a geographic classification scheme, and also sub-arrangement by place within a given filing system. Gesner, Knorad Von (1516-65) invented a scheme that is often considered the first serious book on classification. While a professor at Zurich University, he published the Bibliotheca Universities (1545)…

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  • Freely Faceted Classification

    A freely faceted classification is a scheme for classification guided by explicitly stated postulates, canons and principles for the three planes of work and involves the analysis of the subject into its facets in the idea plane, their transformation into kernal terms in the verbal planes using current standard technology, and these translation to kernal numbers in the national plane according to a scheme of classification and the synthesis of kernal numbers into a class…

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  • Facet

    Meaning of Facet in Library Classification. A particular aspect of a subject or train of characteristics. E.g., in literature there may be four facets: language, form, author, and work. The term is used chiefly by Ranganathan in the colon classification and explained in detail by B.I. Palmer in his book The Fundamentals of Library Science. Ranganathan defined it as the totality of the sub-classes of a basic class derived by the use of single train…

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  • Documentation Services

    Documentation Services: It is a process of reproducing any available material and making it available to readers. It includes documentation list, reprographic services, translation services, Union catalogue and reference service. Due to large production of books and a large number of authors as well as large number of Academic Research Institutions, team research and lastly the development of libraries have caused the introduction of documentation service. Documentation has its origin in itself. Dr. Ranganathan used…

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  • Library Classification Schemes

    Classification Schemes: Classification schemes is defined as “a list of classes arranged according to a set of pre-defined principles for the purpose of organizing items in a collection or entries in an index, bibliography or catalogue into groups based on their similarities and differences to facilitate access and retrieval.” Library classification schemes are tools that allow us to allocate a class mark – an artificial notation comprising alphanumeric characters and punctuation marks to every item…

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  • Archives

    Archives are those records, irrespective of their physical form, which are generally preserved on account of their enduring value by an organization or an individual responsible for its creation. It forms the integral part of every organization. They preserve the records essential not just for self-knowledge but also for the protection of the rights of the individual and the state. Mostly archives are government managed organization. In many countries archives are framed under Archival legislation.…

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