• Government Publications

    Introduction: According to the United States Code (44 U.S.C. 1901), a government publication may be described to be as “… details that are printed as a unique record for which money is spent by the Government, or as needed legally.” In India, thanks to the presence of the central ministries including the parliament and divisions at both state and domestic levels, the government collectively produces a huge amount of documentation (Singh, 1982). It is the…

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  • Institutional Repository Software

    Institutional Repository Software: The chief aim to have an organizational repository is to offer open access to organizational analysis result by self-archival and storage and conserve other organizational digital assets, which include the un-printed or otherwise easily misplaced (grey) literature (for instance dissertations). To some extent IRs are related to the concept of a digital library i.e., gathering, maintaining, segregating, compiling, conserving and offering retrieval of digital subject matter similar to the traditional operation of…

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  • Z39.50 or ISO 23950 Standards

    A national and international (ISO 23950) standard defining a protocol for computer-to-computer information retrieval is Z39.50. Z39.50 makes it possible enables a user in one system to hunt and retrieve details from other computer systems (that have also executed Z39.50) without being aware of the search syntax that is employed by other systems. Z39.50 was initially sanctioned in 1988 by the National Information Standards Organization (NISO). Z39.50 is a protocol which describes data structures and…

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  • Unicode

    Unicode is a standard that aims to maintain a universal consistency in representing the characters as integers, and thus provides the basis for processing, storing and interchanging the text data in any language. The standard has been well accepted by a majority of the modern software and information technology protocols, since it has been able to cover the needs of almost all users by including all characters (technical symbols, punctuation’s, etc.) for all the modern…

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  • Institutional Repository and Library

    Introduction: An IR refers to a group of services and technologies that offer the mediums to gather, handle, access, spread, and archive digital materials generated in an organization. Institutional Repository collects, organize, preserve and disseminate data of any organization or member organizations. While majority of the organizational repositories are located in colleges and universities, few may also be present in the governmental bureaus, museums, firms and other institutions. Now with the emergence of new technology…

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  • Library Services through Mobile Technology

    Introduction: In the information age, Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) has been the catalyst in driving enormous change and development in academic institutions. Libraries being the sanctum sanctorum of any institution of higher learning, have always grabbed the opportunity to provide unparalleled initiative and support to the growth of academic institutions. If the invention of Gutenberg’s moveable printing press brought changes to the library by bringing more and more books into the realms of libraries,…

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  • Impact of e-resources and services on higher education and research

    E- Resources and it’s Services in Library: E- Resources and services are resources in which information is stored electronically and which are accessible through electronic systems and networks. E- Resources and services is a very broad term that includes a variety of different publishing models, including OPACs, CD-ROMs, online database, e-journals, e-books, internet resource, print—on—demand (POD), e-mail publishing, wireless publishing, electronic link and web publishing etc. In this context the term means “any electronic product…

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  • About College Library

    College Library: A college is considered as an academic institution of higher learning offering three-year degree courses. In colleges library occupies a prominent position and it is an important and integral part of the teaching programme. It is not merely a depository of books, but an active workshop instrument in the production of or original thinking. The aim of college education and college libraries in inter-related. College library extends opportunities for self-education to the deserving…

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  • Role of libraries in Higher Education

    Introduction: Education is primarily at the hub of a country’s economic social and cultural development as much as it is science and technology. The evaluation in education can be seen as the increased awareness of the ever increasing access to the wealth of information or knowledge. The library is an integrated part of any academic institution, so also of any college. Education becomes student centered and encourages students to play a dynamic and creative role…

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  • Library Database Management System

    What is a Database? A database is an organized collection of data for one or more purposes. Data used by an information system on individual files. A file of information arranged as set of logically & orderly manner to facilitate access by computer application programs. This concept does not imply that all data relating to a library business should be contained on a single database, but simply that all records in a database should be…

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