• Library Science
    Digitization and digital preservation

    Digitization and digital preservation

    What is Digitization? Witten and David (2003) defined digitization as the process of taking traditional library materials, that are in the form of books and papers and converting them to the electronic form, where they can be stored and manipulated by a computer. This basically involves changing analog data into a digital form, so that it is easier to access and also has a long…

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  • Library Science
    Library Materials

    Preservation and Conservation of Library Materials

    1.1 Introduction: The present world is fast changing from the industrial world to the information world. It requires speedy, accurate, ready and reliable information. A large amount of information is being generated every moment. The information has become a strategic raw material and a dominating factor in decision making and execution. Information is and will be a primordial need for each individual in this world.…

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  • Library Science
    Indexing Evaluations

    Indexing Evaluation

    An indexing system is a sub-system of an information retrieval system and hence, its performance is directly linked up with the overall performance of the entire information retrieval system. Evaluation of an indexing system essentially means measuring the performance of the system, success or failure, in terms of its retrieval efficiency (ease of approach, speed, and accuracy) to the users, and its internal operating efficiency,…

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  • General
    Digital information literacy

    Digital Information Literacy

    Digital Information Literacy Introduction: Society has been transformed by the rapid development by the diffusion of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the fields such as Education, Business, Health, Agriculture, and so on. Information users may be bewildered by a variety of digitalized information. The process of identifying and selecting information has become complex. It is critical to promote Information Literacy (IL) in the digital…

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  • ICT and Information
    Blog and Blogging

    Blog and it’s Features

    Definition and description: Blogs were one of the earliest and most effective means of communication in the social media sphere, besides forums. The Dictionary defines blog as “a discussion or informational website published on the World Wide Web consisting of discrete, often informal diary-style text entries (posts).” The Merriam-Webster Dictionary1 (MWD) defines a blog as a ‘Web site on which someone writes about personal opinions,…

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  • ICT and Information
    Social Media

    Social Media

    What is Social Media? In 1981, much before the dawn of social networks, a psychologist in Ohio State University, Bibb Latane coined the Social Impact Theory after conducting a series of experiments to validate his hypothesis on how ‘influence’ works. However, the words “social media” was first used in 2005 depicting interest in the growth of inter-relational parts of the Internet. It is different from…

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  • Library Science
    Knowledge and Knowledge Management

    Knowledge and Knowledge Management

    Knowledge Management and Knowledge Management Systems: An Overview 1.1 Knowledge: The word knowledge is described as “justified true belief.” In a psychological context, whenever one thinks an idea is generated, which when conserved by human mind gives rise to knowledge. Ever since the man has become the thinker, knowledge has been growing (Husain, 2005). Knowledge is a part of a gamut of data, information, knowledge,…

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  • Library Science
    Automatic Indexing

    Automatic Indexing

    Automatic Indexing: In many literatures of Library and Information Science, the term ‘automatic indexing’ is interchangeably used with the term ‘computerised indexing’. A fully automatic indexing system would be one in which indexing is conducted by computers, an internally generated thesaurus is prepared, and search strategies are developed automatically from a natural language statement of information need. Salton provides the following definition of automatic indexing:…

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  • Management
    Performence Apraisal

    Performance Appraisal

    1.0 Introduction: The dynamic organizational system is going continuously with the transformation. The organizations have used adaptive ability & proactive approach to excel in their business environment. The performance appraisal system is result oriented and helps in improving employee productivity. The main aim of the performance appraisal system is to enhance and enrich the potentials of the employee through a rewards system, promotional activities, and…

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  • General

    Parents’ Attitude and Beliefs and their Impact on Child Development

    1.1 Introduction: Generally, schools are considered as places which provide an appropriate learning environment for a child, but the importance of parents and community cannot be ignored. Parent’s attitude towards the adult and siblings in the family contribute significantly to various components of the personality of the child particularly in improving his/her academic performance. The pivotal role of parents attitude still continues as it has…

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