• English

    Research Report: Definition

    Research reports are reports regarding research and development projects. These are primitive form of literature because these are produced earlier in a research programme. Often these take the form of progress reports which serve as temporary reference. Due to the inadequacies of the periodicals, research report issued as separate documents often a successful alternative. These form vital part of primary sources especially in the area of aeronautics and applied atomic energy. This kind of literature…

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  • English

    Research Monographs: Definition

    What is research monographs? Research Monographs are “separately published reports on original research that are too long, too specialized, or otherwise unsuitable for publication in one of the standard journals. Each Monograph is self-contained, frequently summarizes existing theory or practice before presenting the author’s original and previously unpublished work, and is likely to be one of a series of such research monographs in the same field.” However, it may be added that ordinarily a monograph…

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  • English

    Periodicals Definition

    What is periodicals? Periodicals include journals, bulletins, transactions, proceeding or similar works, which appear regularly and continuously in numbered sequence. However, the newspaper and annual are excluded. The bulk of primary source literature appears in the form of periodicals. There are many periodicals which are exclusively devoted to reporting original research. The periodical article is the main means of communication for the exchange of scientific information. The same can be said about many other areas…

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  • English

    Functions of library classification: Basic Functions of library classification

    Functions of library classification: Classification is a mental process by which things or ideas are groups separate according to their likeness and differences. Some of the basic functions of Library classification are as: Arrange books or other materials in helpful sequence convenient to the readers, research workers and librarians. Ensure speedy location and replacement of books on the shelves for next users. The users are provided with the subject approach to the subsidiary topic deal…

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  • ICT and Information

    Primary Sources of Information: what is primary sources of information?

    Primary sources of information are the first published records of original research and development of description of new application or new interpretation of an old theme or ideas. These constitute the latest available information. A researcher producing new information can make it available to the particular community through the primary sources. Often, it may be the only sources of information in existence. Primary sources are unorganized sources, which are rather difficult to use by themselves.…

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  • English

    Difference between reference books and textbooks

    Reference Book VS Textbook: Reference books and text books are two different aspect of books. They have many difference, some of them are as: A book containing useful facts or specially organized information, as an encyclopedia, dictionary, atlas, yearbook, etc. is known as Reference Book. And a textbook is a manual of instruction in any branch of study. Text books are produced according to the demands of educational institutions. Reference Book Text-Book A book intended…

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  • English

    Standards definition as a primary source of information in library

    Standards are a form of primary source of information. The importance of standards can be gauged from the fact that progress of modern society would be difficult without standards. These lead to simplification of production and distribution of products produced by a manufacturer. These ensure reliability for the consumers. As result standardization, those items which do not follow prescribed standards get eliminated from the market. A typical standard is a pamphlet covering definitions, methods, properties,…

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  • Classification

    Principles of book classification

    W.S. Merrill of Newberry Library, propose some principles library classification. According to him principles of book classification are as: 1. Permanent VS temporary needs: Class of book where it will be useful, not where it may serve only a temporary need. 2. Class by subject: Class a book ordinarily by subject. All books should be arranged according to the main subject.  3. Intend of the author: Class of a book primarily according to the intend…

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  • English

    What is Management by Objectives?

    Management by objectives definition: Management is purposeful; it is performed to attain accomplishment. Therefore objective setting is said to be one of the major responsibilities of management of any kind. One approach to setting objectives that has enjoyed considerable popularity is the concept of management by objectives (MBO). MBO is defined as “the establishment of effectiveness areas and effectiveness standards for management position and the periodic conversion of these into measurable time bound objectives, linked…

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  • Management by Objectives (MBO) in Libraries

    Management by Objectives (MBO) in Libraries: Libraries can be benefited from MBO though in a limited way. MBO has been tried in libraries, academic, industrial as well as public. Major problems arise in the area of target setting and measuring performance. Library objectives are generally non-quantifiable and intangible. This limitation is overcome by identifying targets in terms of physically measurable items, such as the number of publications to be acquired, number of readers to be…

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