- a. Keep themselves up-to-date and well informed of the new developments,
- b. Avoid duplication in research, and
- c. Help others to build on this by means of further work and thus generate more information.
- (a) Quality standards,
- (b) Evaluation standards,
- (c) Terminology standards,
- (d) Weights and measures standards.
e. Research monograph: It is a report published on a fundamental research which may produce the principles and fundamentals applied by the author before the research. Such monographs are very useful for guidance of research work.
f. Research reports: Research and development information’s are published for highlighting them. Such reports provide necessary information regarding researches being done in the same subjects. Information’s in research reports are more effective and fundamentally important. These reports are very useful in modern time when researches are being done in good number and such reports have been useful as media of communication, extension and expansion.
g. Conference proceedings: Conference proceedings are such articles which are presented in National and International conferences and seminars and they are proved as a source of information. All such articles are related to new researches and investigations. They include conclusions and results and fact-finding which are published or mentioned in research projects beforehand to their publication in periodicals.
h. Theses: These documents are fundamental work in a specific subject. Universities award Ph.D. degree on their approval or authenticity examined by the subject experts.
Theses are also published by the researches or the institutions which highlight techniques, methods, procedures and principles for others’ guidance. But most of the theses are not published and hence their benefits do not reach the society.
i. Unpublished sources: There are many unpublished sources among the primary sources which are very useful for information. These are letters, portraits, coins, memoranda, engraving pieces, and other hand-written bulletin and handbook, company files which are of fundamental importance and prove useful for consumers and researchers. .
Reference Book: Sharma, C. K. (2006). Reference Service and Sources. Atlantic Publishers & Dist.