Principles of book classification

W.S. Merrill of Newberry Library, propose some principles library classification. According to him principles of book classification are as:
1. Permanent VS temporary needs: Class of book where it will be useful, not where it may serve only a temporary need.
2. Class by subject: Class a book ordinarily by subject. All books should be arranged according to the main subject. 
3. Intend of the author: Class of a book primarily according to the intend of the author in written it.
4. Class classification:

  • Class a book by the most specific topic that will express the character of the books.
  • If no local sub-division are provided under a subject, class a work treating of local condition directly under the topic, not under a large division for which local sub-division are provided.
5. Modification for special needs: Modify a role of classification of books when necessary or desirable to meet special needs or types of service.
6. Argumentative facts: Facts or data of whatever kind selected to prove a point or policy, class stickily according to the intended to the author dis-regarding the nature of the material used.
7. Aspects of a subject: Class under the subject illustrated, not under the subject suggested by the aspect unless the latter really express the subject matter of the book.
8. Contrast opinion or policy: A work contrasting two opinions, one advocated by the author, and other contempt by class under the opinion or policy advocated by author.
9. Field of research: Result attends in a certain field of research; class under the topic investigated without reference to the character of the data or means employed.
10. Genetic treatment of topic: Class under the topic so derived or supposed to be derived not under its origin.
11. history of a subject: Class under the specific heading even when that heading is not sub-divided by subject history in performance to classing in the sub-division history of a more general subjects.
12. Illustrative material: A work upon some specific topic given or illustration “illustrative of” some large or more general topic; class under the specific topic. In order words prefer the complement the abstract topic.
13. Method VS subject matter: A work treating of the result of applying in a given method hypothesis or theory though the investigation of a given subject, class under the subject investigated not under the method of investigation.
14. Special reference of a subject: Work treating of some topic ‘which special reference to a country, person or subject; class under the more respective topic.

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Md. Ashikuzzaman

Work at North South University Library, Bangladesh.

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