Classification

Purposes of library classification

Purpose of library classification:
Library Classification is an important function for a library. Some of the basic functions of library classification are:

 

  1. Helpful sequence: The basic purpose of any library classification is service oriented. Library should be arranged the document in a method most convent to the users and to the library staff.The document should be arrange in classes and based on the mutual relation between them. In other word related documents could be grouped in close proximately. 
  2. Correct replacement: Document after being taken out from the shelves by the users or by the library staff should be replace in their proper places. It is essential that library classification should enable the correct replacement of document after this happened return from use. 
  3. Mechanized arrangement: It is decided that a particular arrangement is suitable for the library materials.Ordinarily it should not be changed by the help of new document with the help of allocating notation, classification enable us to mechanize the arrangement. 
  4. Addition of new document: A library should acquire new document from time to time. Therefore library classification should help in finding the most helpful place among the existing collection of the library. 
  5. Withdraw the document from stock: In case the need arise to withdraw a document from stock for some reason. Library classification should facilitate such a withdrawn. 
  6. Book display: In wider sense the term book is display is use to indicate that the collection in open access library is well presented and guided. Library classification should be helpful in the organization of book display. 
  7. Other purpose:
  • Compilation of bibliography, catalogue, union-catalogue and so on.
  • Classification of information and reference queries.
  • Filing of non book materials such as correspondence, films and so on.
  • Assist the cataloger in determining subject heading.
  • To separate subjects on the basis of likeness and unlikeness.
  • To make grouping and sub-grouping of subjects.
  • To arrange things in the most convenient order.
  •  To make the books available to every reader.
  • To enable the reader to receive the books.
  • To arrange the books in classified order.
  • To retrieve the information whenever needed.
  • To make available the whole library stock to readers by publisher, date of publication, title, by author or by subjects. The proper way is to arrange by contents of the material.

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Md. Ashikuzzaman

Work at North South University Library, Bangladesh.

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