Library Catalogue

  • Catalogue
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    Authority control in OPAC

    Introduction: The story of catalogue and cataloguing is one of the aspects of the broad panorama of library development. Earlier, libraries concentrated their efforts on the collection and preservation of manuscripts. Later, after the invention of printing, libraries started collecting and organizing materials, which would be kept for reading, study and consultation. For easy location and consultation, librarians and libraries used some system of bibliographical…

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  • Added Entry

    An added entry is “an entry, additional to the main entry, under which a bibliographical entity is represented in a catalogue”. The additional entries supplement the main entry by providing an additional approach to documents listed in the catalogue. Sometimes, added entries are called secondary entries. These have their own importance. These are prepared for subordinate authors like joint authors, editors, translators, and illustrators. These…

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  • Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC) and its characteristics

    The Information Explosion has revolutionized the thinking and outlook of the librarians during the recent years. This phenomenon has triggered a series of changes posing corresponding challenges necessitating the re-examination of technical policies of library and information centers. Traditionally, one of the keys to retrieve the information has been the catalogue along with classification. The catalogue which started in the hook form did not remain…

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  • Geographical Filing Method

    Geographical Filing in Library Science The arrangement of material or of entries in a list, catalogue, bibliography, etc. according to place. The term includes both alphabetical arrangement by place-names, and filing by a geographic classification scheme, and also sub-arrangement by place within a given filing system. Gesner, Knorad Von (1516-65) invented a scheme that is often considered the first serious book on classification. While a…

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  • Organization of Cataloging Entries

    In a catalogue, individual bibliographic entries are organized into a coherent file. Two predominant methods of organizing the entries are the systematic or classified arrangement and the alphabetical arrangement. In a classified catalogue, the entries are arranged according to a certain system of classification, resulting in subject collocation. This is the older form of catalog arrangement. This form of catalog as a public tool has…

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  • Main Entry

    Main Entry Among the entries or access points assigned to a catalog record, one is designated as the main entry. The other access points are called added entries. The record that bears the main entry represents a complete catalog record of the item and is presented in the form by which the item is to be uniformly identified and cited. In recent year, the concept…

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  • Cataloguing Access Point

    Access Point: Each bibliographic record is given one or more access points through which the record can be retrieved. For a cataloging record, an access point is presented in the form of a heading added to the description. Each heading applied to a record then results in a catalog entry. The basis for the access point may be the subject content of the work. In…

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  • Cutter’s rules of Cataloguing

    Charles Cutter (1837-1903) was another pioneering librarian. One part of his large body of work was Rules for a Printed Dictionary Catalog (1876, with several revisions), which “became the basis for the dictionary catalog, which was to become the predominant form of catalogs in general libraries in the United States” (Chan 34). Cutter (8) elegantly set out what a catalogue should do, and how: 2.To…

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  • British Museum’s Cataloguing Rules

    Sir Anthony Panizzi (1787-1879) was a pioneering English librarian whose 91 rules for the British Museum’s catalogue, “Rules for the Compilation of the Catalogue”, are “considered to be the first major cataloguing code” (Chan 34). There is not room to go into all of Panizzi’s work or the Royal Commission that examined it, but a statement Panizzi made to the Commission is perfectly valid 160…

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  • ALA 1949 Cataloguing Code (ALA-49)

    Since the Library of Congress was revising its rules for description, the American Library Association decided to omit that portion of the rules from the 1941 draft and include only the rules for entry and heading in the ALA rules. This decision was made partly because individual libraries had been following LC practice (owing to the availability of LC printed cards) and partly because that…

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