ICT in Library: Various challenges:
The use of ICT in libraries has raised a number of challenges. These include:
1. Changing role of libraries and librarians: Most and more library users are using digital technologies and have access to global information resources via the Web. Unfortunately, the huge amount of information available on the web is generally overwhelming information users. Further, a large number of Web users are still not able to use the web efficiently.
2. Funding of libraries: Due to serve budget cuts and high price of books and journals subscriptions, libraries are faced with no options but to reduce expenditures on books and journal subscriptions.
The introduction and use of ICTs in libraries has not made the situation any better. Money is required to maintain and upgrade the equipment and software, pay software license fees, pay for access to electronic journals and online databases, pay for internet connections, etc.
3. Copyright management: Digitization and provision of access to digital collections accessed via electronic networks, especially the Internet, is presenting bigger challenges to librarians. Unlike print-based documents, digital-based information resources can be accessed from anywhere via electronic networks, copied several times, manipulated (i.e. edited, modified, repackaged, etc.) or deleted.
The ease at which digital information resources can be copied and manipulated may result in governments, under pressure from information producers, to put in place rigid copyright laws in which the rights of the right-holder are increased at the expense of users and this may affect the provision of access to digital information sources in libraries.
4. Information access: Whereas libraries generally contain and provide access to selected information resources, this is not the case with information accessed on the web. Distribution of pornographic materials and information produces for deliberate disinformation is very easy to do on the web and this presents problems to many librarians on how to exclude access to such types of information, especially on Internet workstations located in libraries.
5. Preservation of digital information resources: The print-based library and archives environment, as opposed to the digital information environment, has evolved over centuries. Preservation methods and formats for print-based documents have also been developed and tasted. There are print-based documents are over 2000 years old in the world today and can still be read. The digital information era is in its infancy and already some of the information is stored in formats or media that cannot be accessed or read.
6. Legal deposit: In the print-based environment, producers of publications are required by law to deposit copies of their documents with the national library or national archives, or any agency designated to receive and preserve such publications. In the digital information environment, the situation in many countries is still not clear as to who is responsible for the long-term preservation of digital information resources.